When you have kidney failure, 85–90% of your kidney function is lost, and your kidneys aren’t functioning well enough to keep you alive. Kidney failure cannot be cured, but it is treatable and it is possible to live a long life. People with kidney failure live active lives and carry on with their favourite activities.
What are the major functions of a kidney?
The functions of healthy kidneys are extensive. Your complete body’s balance is preserved by them by
- Eliminating waste and extra water from your body
- Assist in producing red blood cells
- Assisting in blood pressure control
What are the significant causative factors for kidney failure?
Diabetes can damage kidneys even when it is well-managed.
Kidney disease can both cause and be a symptom of high blood pressure. Your kidneys are harmed by high blood pressure, and harmed kidneys are less effective at regulating your blood pressure. Your kidneys cannot eliminate extra water if you have kidney failure. Drinking too much water can make you swell, increase your blood pressure, and strain your heart.
High blood pressure:
Diabetes and high blood pressure are two of the primary causes of both kidney and heart disease. Heart disease puts people at high risk for kidney disease, and kidney disease puts people at high risk for heart disease.
A hormone that aids in the production of red blood cells, erythropoietin (EPO), is not produced in sufficient amounts by damaged kidneys. Your body’s red blood cells transport oxygen from your lungs to other body parts.
Some organs, such as your heart and brain, may receive less oxygen than they require when you have anaemia, which could affect how well they work. You might feel lethargic and weak as a result of anaemia.
Significant signs that can indicate kidney failure:
Many people with kidney disease in its early stages have few or no symptoms. It’s crucial to remember that even if you feel fine, chronic kidney disease can still harm your body.
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Different people can experience different symptoms of chronic kidney disease and kidney failure. One or more of the following symptoms could indicate that your kidneys aren’t functioning properly:
- An upset stomach or vomiting
- Confusion or trouble concentrating
- Swelling, particularly in the hands or ankles
- More frequent bathroom trips
- Muscle spasms
- Dry or itchy skin
- Poor appetite or metallic taste of food
Diagnosis of the condition can include:
Your doctors for kidney problems may suggest specific tests and procedures to confirm your diagnosis if your signs and symptoms point to acute kidney failure. These may consist of:
Urine output measurements:
Your doctor may be able to identify the cause of your kidney failure by measuring how much you urinate in a 24-hour period.
Urinalysis, which involves analyzing a sample of your urine, may show anomalies that point to kidney failure.
Your blood sample may show rapidly increasing levels of urea and creatinine, two markers of kidney function.
Your doctor may use imaging tests like ultrasound and computerized tomography to help them see your kidneys.
Taking a kidney tissue sample for testing:
Your doctor may occasionally advise a kidney biopsy to take a small sample of kidney tissue for laboratory analysis. To take the sample, your doctor uses a needle to penetrate your skin and enter your kidney. Reach out to the best Kidney Specialist In Coimbatore to undergo the best treatment for kidneys.
The latest treatment that is involved in the kidney failure treatment :
The cause and severity of the issue affect the treatment for kidney failure. The progression of kidney disease can be delayed by treating your underlying chronic medical condition.
Your doctor may use one or more techniques to monitor your health if the function of your kidneys gradually begins to decline. Your doctor can help you keep your kidneys functioning as long as possible by keeping a close eye on you.
Your doctor may use the following to determine how well your kidneys are functioning:
- Routine blood tests
- Blood pressure checks
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People with kidney failure need treatment to stay alive because the kidneys have such a crucial role in the body. The principal therapies for kidney failure include:
This procedure aids the body in blood filtration (doing the job that the kidneys can no longer perform). Speak to your specialist to understand the latest treatment for kidney failure.
Your blood is routinely cleaned for you by a machine. This kidney failure treatment is frequently provided to patients three or four days a week at a hospital or a dialysis facility.
Utilizes a catheter along with a dialysis solution to clean the blood in a slightly different manner.
A healthy kidney is implanted into your body during a kidney transplant procedure to replace your damaged organs. This healthy kidney, which is referred to as a donor organ, can come from either a deceased or a living donor who could be a friend or relative. With a single healthy kidney, people can live happily. Kidney failure treatment without dialysis is also involved, your specialist can help in diagnosing the best treatment.
Prevention of the condition:
Although chronic kidney disease cannot be reversed, there are many things you can do to help maintain the kidney function you currently have. Healthy routines and habits may slow the rate at which kidney function declines.
- Monitor the health of your kidneys with the assistance of your doctor.
- Maintain normal levels of blood pressure.
- Avoid smoking.
- Make nutritious dietary decisions, such as limiting foods high in sodium and protein.
Kidney failure may appear suddenly or as a result of ongoing damage. Kidney failure can have a variety of causes, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, taking a lot of medication, being extremely dehydrated, kidney trauma, or other conditions.
There are five stages of kidney disease. These can range from severe kidney failure to very mild cases. The symptoms and issues get worse as the stages develop.
You can discuss the best course of action for your condition with your doctor at hospital for kidney infection.